Leather of various colours served a key function in Islamic bookbinding traditions, protecting precious manuscripts and providing a surface upon which intricate patterns could be applied. From the 15th century onwards, Iranian craftsmen popularized especially complex designs using large stamps.
For this binding, a stamp with a symmetrical pattern has been applied four times on each side to cover the central panels. The extension of the back cover (flap)—a signature of Islamic bookbinding—has been folded and brought to the upper cover to protect the edges of the papers.
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