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Beam from a building
  • Accession Number:AKM725
  • Place:Al-Andalus, Spain
  • Dimensions:29.8 x 146 cm
  • Date:1300s
  • Materials and Technique:Wood, carved

This skilfully carved, long rectangular wooden beam includes an inscription in kufic of an Arabic couplet framed between two horizontal bands. The inscription is intertwined with an intricate vegetal design composed of interlacing vine scrolls ending in single leaves and split palmettes. Vegetal and epigraphic ornament are differentiated from one another by the addition of an increased amount of detailing carved into the foliate pattern; this helps highlight the inscription carved in the bevelled technique against the dense background. The overall carving style seems to have been common in Nasrid Spain (1238-1492) and even in contemporary North Africa in a variety of media. In Spain, it shows up in the stucco decoration of the “Hall of the Two Sisters” at the Alhambra, built in the fourteenth century (see Barrucand 2002, pp. 202-03). Similar motifs involving calligraphy juxtaposed with vegetal carving can also be observed in a wooden beam from Toledo dated 1360 and in a carved stucco panel from thirteenth- or fourteenth-century Spain or North Africa, both in the David Collection, Copenhagen (von Folsach 2001, p. 270 [no. 434, inv. no. D 14/1986] and p.251 [no. 400, inv. no. 35/1978, accidentally printed in reverse], respectively).


References
Marianne Barrucand and Achim Bednorz, Moorish Architecture in Andalusia. Colonia: Taschen, 2002, (1a ed. 1992). ISBN: 9783822821169
Kjeld von Folsach, Art from the World of Islam in The David Collection. Copenhagen: Davids Samling, 2001. ISBN: 9788788464214

Note: This online resource is reviewed and updated on an ongoing basis. We are committed to improving this information and will revise and update knowledge about this object as it becomes available.

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